The Impact of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Program: a Case study of Gomadoda Cluster in Nkayi District | Tshabalala | Nova Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences

The Impact of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Program: a Case study of Gomadoda Cluster in Nkayi District

Thembinkosi Tshabalala, Tichaona Mapolisa


This article draws on a quantitative enquiry on the impact of the ECD programmed in Zimbabwean primary schools.  The study adopted the descriptive survey design.  The target population included all heads and infant teachers in Gomadoda cluster which has an infant teacher population of 70 teachers and heads.  The sample consisted of 30 respondents who were made up of 25 females and 5 males.  All information was collected through a questionnaire which had both close-ended and open-ended questions.  Descriptive statistical analysis was used to interpret the data.  The study revealed that all the schools did not have ECD trained teachers.  It also revealed that all of the schools did not have play centers.  The study also revealed that both teachers and heads viewed the policy on early childhood development programmers positively but were worried by the weak implementation structures.  The study recommends that procurement of ECD materials and provision of qualified personnel should be prioritized.

Key words: Early Childhood Development (ECD), primary schools, cluster, pre-school, basic education

Full Text:



Anderson L. Research in education. New York: Allen Unwin; 2011.

Ary D J, Razaviah A. Introduction to research in education. New York: Harcort Brace Jovanovich; 2010.

Bandy, D A. Health and early child development. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2009.

Blumberg B. Business research methods. London: Routledge; 2008.

Chikutuma T , Mawere V H. Quality of education: early childhood development B learners in Zimbabwe: A case study of Gweru primary schools, International Journal of Social Science Education. 2013; Vol 3 Issus 2: 225-244.

Cohen L , Manion L. Research methods in education. London: Routledge; 2009.

Currie J. Early childhood programmes, The Journal of Economic Perspectives. 2012; 15(2): 213-218.

Duncan C, Brooks-Gunn J, Klebonov P K.. Economic deprivation and early childhood development, in Child Development. 1994; (65): 296-318.

Freistas L B L, Shelton T L, Tulge J R H. Conceptions of US and Brazilian Early Childhood Care and Education. A historical comparative analysis in International Journal of Behavioural Development. 2008; 32 (2) 161-170.

Haverman R , Wolfe B. The determinants of children’s attainments: A review of methods and findings, Journal of Economic Literature. 2009; 14 (3): 314-326.

Hoffman L W. Effects of maternal employment in the two-parent family, American Psychologist. 2010; 44: 283-292.

Morrison G S. Early childhood education today. New Jersey: College Press; 2008.

Pagari L et al. Behavioural development in children of divorce and re-marriage, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1997; 38 (4): 769-781.

Pagari L et al. The impact of junior kindergarten on behavior in elementary school children, International Journal of Behavioural Development. 2003; 27 (5), 423-427.

Pence A. Early childhood policy implementation in Africa. Columbia: University of Victoria; 2004.

Schnur G. Activities for young children. London: Stanley Thornes; 2010.

Shapiro C, Nager T. Caring for young children. London: Howard University Press; 1999.

Shelton B, Trudge H. Preparing children for formal school. London: BMJ Publishing Group; 2010.

Taruvinga D, Mushoriwa S, Hannah P, Muzember T. Attitudes of primary school teachers towards early childhood development in Zimbabwean primary schools, International Journal for Educational Studies. 2011; 3 (2): 780 - 821.

Taylor B J. A child goes forth. Columbus. Ohio: Meril; 2009.

The Nziramasanga Commission . Inquiry of education in Zimbabwe. Harare: Government Printers; 1999.

Van der Gaag J. Early childhood development. Washington DC: World Bank; 2012.

Wenner, R. Early years learning. London: Prentice Hall; 2009.

Young M. Early childhood development: Investing in the future. Directions in development. Washington DC: World Bank; 2008.

Zingler P. Elementary years: Pre-school preparing children for formal school. London: B.M.J publishing Group; 2011.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Nova Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ISSN 2292-7913 (Online)Published by Nova Pub inc.

Nova Explore Publications
is a member of CrossRef.
DOI Prefix: 10.20286