Analysis of soul journey symbolism from myth and mysticism perspective in "Tales of birds”

Tayebeh Nasrollahi



The Giving bird symbol for the soul and its flight, is rooted in ancient mythologies of human before the Islamic- Mystical works, since human being who is driven away from heaven and paradise and is exiled to soil and ground, has always been looking for a way to return to his origin and homeland; the way leading to eternal life. By examining symbols and myths we realized that the idea of human flight and ascension into heaven has its origins in mythological beliefs that reached the peak of growth and prosperity in Islamic mysticism and pphilosophy. This trend begins in Resalatolteir with wisdom and philosophical attitude of Ibn Sina-who has also tended to illumination- with soul’s descent from heaven to the ground and being caught in a trap of physical body .Then, the soul captured by body gets aware from its status through the wisdom  and wants to break free and travel. And this description of birds travel in the tale of birds by Ghazali gets mystical air but finally does not provide a response to perplexity of the soul, until Attar in Manteq-O-Teyr   who directed this astounded soul with a quite mystical attitude and eventually led it to its destiny through passing through hard stages of journey. Thus, restless soul of the human begins his journey by awakening of reason, but at the end of the way finds that reason limps and should think about other choice for moving higher; here through help of  the old mentor he learns that reason and soul and self should be ignored in order to soar, so that obtain love, light and eternity.

 Keywords: journey, bird, soul, flight, truth.


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DOI Prefix: 10.20286