The relationship between spiritual intelligence and life quality among elderly people residing nursing home in Tehran

Leila Yaghuobi, Sahar Sadeghian, Parvaneh Yaghuobi, Reza Soveyzi

Abstract


Background: Life quality is regarded as one of the most significant issues in the areas of psychology and psychiatry. One of the main purposes of psychologists and other mental health experts is to find life quality-related factors  through which they are the quality of life can be enhanced and improved. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between spiritual intelligence and life quality among elderly people residing in nursing home in Tehran.

Method: This is a descriptive correlational study conducted on 193 elderly men residing in nursing home in Tehran, using available sampling method. The participants completed Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI) and Life Quality Questionnaire. Descriptive statistical method (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistical method (correlational coefficient and simultaneous regression) were then analyzed.

Findings:  The statistical analysis of data indicated that spiritual intelligence is significantly and positively associated with the overall score of life quality, physical and mental health. In addition, spiritual intelligence can predict life quality and its components.

Conclusion: The present study examined the relationship between spiritual intelligence and life quality among the elderly people. The results obtained from the study revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and life quality. In addition, the variable spiritual intelligence is able to predict life quality.

Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, Life Quality, Elderly people


Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nations (2006) World Population prospects. (2006). Revision population Database, New York, Available from http://esa.un.org/unpp/p2K0data.asp

Iran Statistics center. The report 2012.

Ghobari Bonab B, Salimi M, Selyani L, Nouri Moghadam S. Spiritual intelligence. (2007). Andishe-E-Novin-E-Dini A Quarterly Research Journal. 3:125-147.

Naseri, I. (2009). Studying concept and components of spiritual intelligence and making it an instrument to measure it between the students of Allameh Tabatabai University. Master’s Thesis measuring and evaluating. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Tabatabai University.

Emmons, R. A. (2000). Is spirituality intelligence? Motivation, cognition, and the psychology of ultimate concern. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1): 3-26.

Dhqanzadeh S. (2002). Quality of life in the patients with congestive heart failure compared, with healthy subjects in Rasht. Nursing MS Thesis, School of Medical sciences.

Bonomi AE, Patrick DL, Bushnell DM, Martin M.(2000).Quality of life measurement. Will we ever be satisfied? CLIN Epidemic; 53(1): 1-12.

Gioiella EC. (1995). Quality of life revisited. Nurs Sci Quart; 8:97

Wilson IB, Cleary PD. (1995). Linking clinical variables with health – related quality of life: a conceptual model of patient outcomes. JAMA. 273: 59-65.

Ghofranipour, F. et al. (2012). "Evaluating the role of Spiritual Intelligence in Life Quality of Students" in the First National Conference of Mental Health of Ghouchan Azad University, 13 and 14 of Ordibehesht, 1390.

amid, N. and Zemestani, M.(2013). "The relationship between Spiritual intelligence and personality traits with life quality of of medical students, Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, No. 4, pp. 347-355.

Hossein Dokht, A. et al.(2014). "The relationship between the spiritual intelligence and spiritual coexistence, life quality and sexual satisfaction" Psychology and Religion, Vol. 6, No. 2, , pp. 57-74

Heravi Karimi, M. et al. (2014). "The relationship between spiritual intelligence and public health of the nursing students of Tehran", Iranian Journal of Medical Education,

Lim JW, yi J. (2009). Effects of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on quality of life. A comparison between Korean- American and Korean and gynecologic cancer survivors. J Oncol Nurs forum. 36(6):699#708.

Fry P. (2000). Religious involvement, spirituality and personal meaning for life: Existential predictors of psychological wellbeing in community-residing and institutional care elders. Aging Mental Health.;4(4):375-87.

Trevino KM, Pargament KI, Cotton S, Leonard AC, Hahn J, Caprini-Faigin CA, et al. (2010). Religious coping and physiological, psychological, social, and spiritual outcomes in patients with HIV/AIDS: cross-sectional and longitudinal findings. AIDS Behav; 14(2): 379-89.

Cotton S, Puchalski CM, Sherman SN, Mrus JM, Peterman AH, Feinberg J, et al. (2006). Spirituality and religion in patients with HIV/AIDS. 21(S5): S5-13.

Mrus JM, Leonard AC, Yi MS, Sherman SN, Fultz SL, Justice AC, et al.(2006). Health-related quality of life in veterans and non-veter Ans with HIV/AIDS.; 21(Supple 5): S39-47.

Nasel, D. D. (2004). Spiritual orientation in relation to spiritual intelligence: a consideration of traditional Christianity and new age/individualistic spirituality. Thesis submitted for the degree of Ph. D in The University of South Australia, Division of Education, Arts and Social Sciences, School of Psychology.

PrislaÜcker C, Marisa Campio M, Maria Lúcia NT. (2008). Quality of life and spiritual well-being in individuals with HIV/AIDS. 13(3): 523-30.

Hesamzadeh A, Maddah S, Mohammadi F, Fallahi Khoshknab M, Rahgozar M. (2010). Comparison of elderly’s Quality of Life" living at homes and in private or public nursing homes. Salmand Iranian Journal of Ageing; 4(14): 66-74.

Habibi Sola A, Nikpour S, Sohbatzadeh R, Haghani H. (2008). Quality of life in elderly people of West of Tehran. Nurs Research.

King DB. (2008). Rethinking clams of spiritual intelligence: A definition, model, and measure. M.Sc. Dissertation. Canada: Trent University, College of arts and sciences: 32-48.

Aryana- ki TBuxcHu & SHB. (2009) Life Satisfaction of Thai Religious women. Sam louis university (Private) Bonifacio Street, Baguio city DECS-CAR.

Rasic, D; et al. (2011). Longitudinal relationships of religious worship attendance and spirituality with major depression, anxiety disorders and suicidal ideation and attempts: Finding from the Baltimore epidemiologic catchment area study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, v 45 (6), p. 848-854.

MC Ewan, W. (2004). Spirituality in Nursing: What Are the Issues? Orthop Nurs, 23: 321- 326.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Nova Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ISSN 2292-7913 (Online)Published by Nova Pub inc.

Nova Explore Publications
is a member of CrossRef.
DOI Prefix: 10.20286